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Gradations of Krishna’s Queens

Srila Rupa Goswami Prabhupada’s
Çré Ujjvala-nélamaëi 3.7-12
täs tu çré-yadu-vérasya sahasräëyasya ñoòaça
añöottara-çatägräëi dväravatyäà suviçrutäù
äsäà sakhyaç ca däsyaç ca pratyekaà syuù sahasraçaù
tulya-rüpa-guëäù sakhyaù kiïcin nyünäs tu däsikäù
taträpi rukmiëé satyä jämbavaty arka-nandiné
çaibyä bhadrä ca kauçalyä mädréty añöau gaëägrimäù
taträpi rukmiëé-satye varéyasyau prakértite
aiçvaryäd rukmiëé tatra satyä saubhägyato varä
It is very well known that Lord Krishna, the
hero of the Yadu dynasty, had 16,108 wives
at Dwarka. Each queen had thousands of girl
friends and maidservants. The friends were equal
to the queens in beauty and personal qualities,
but the maidservants were a little inferior. Of all
these queens, Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati,
Kalindi, Saibya, Bhadra, Kausalya, and Madri
were the eight most qualified. Out of them,
Rukmini and Satyabhama are said to be the best.
Rukmini is exalted because of her transcendental
opulence, and Satyabhama is exalted because of
her extreme good fortune.
kuöumbasyeçvaré yäséd rukmiëé bhéñmakätmajä
satyabhämottamä stréëäà saubhägye cädhikäbhavat[It is said in the Hari-vaàça Puräëa:] Rukmini,
the daughter of King Bhishmaka, had the greatest
opulence in Lord Krishna’s palace, but Satyabhama
was the most fortunate of Lord Krishna’s wives.
na me tvattaù priyatamä käcid devi nitambiné
ñoòaça-stré-sahasräëäà priye präëa-samä hy asi
[Krishna says to Rukmini in the Kärttikamähätmya
of the Padma Puräëa (6.88.28):] My
queen, of all my 16,000 wives none is more
dear to me than you. You are as dear to me as
my own life-breath. ·
Bibliography
— Rupa Goswami. Çré Ujjvala-nilamaëé. With Bengali translation.
Published by Haridas Das, Haribol Kutir. Nabadwip.
1964. Bengali.
— Rupa Goswami. Ujjala-nilamani. Translated into English and
published by a member of the Gaudiya Vaishnava Association.
Mayapur, West Bengal. 2000.

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